Support to Hyderabad Satyagraha by Government and People of The Central Provinces and Berar

Dr. Shubha Johari

Abstract


The Hyderabad Satyagraha was one of important issues that the first Congress Ministry of the Central Provinces and Berar had to face during its short tenure. The supporters of Hyderabad Satyagraha from outside Hyderabad used Berar as springboard, and used common border between the territories of Hyderabad State and Berar to send volunteers across to Hyderabad State. Although the Congress Ministry did stop the people from crossing the border and refused to give any information to Hyderabad administration regarding Jatthas (groups) of supporters who intended to go across the border, they did not support the Satyagraha openly.   The Satyagraha was launched by the Arya Samaj and Hindu Mahasabha as a protest against persecution of Hindus by the Nizam Government of Hyderabad. The Arya Samajists had the evidence of forcible conversion of Hindus to Islam, imposition of Urdu on Hindu students and neglect of Hindu shrines and accused the Nizam of adopting anti-Hindu policy .  The Arya Samaj tried to limit the agitation to religious and cultural issues, and avoided giving it a political or communal colour

Keywords


Hyderabad Satyagraha

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References


K. Mojumdar – Saffron versus Green – Communal Politics in the Central Provinces and Berar 1919-1947; p. 159

K. Mojumdar – op. cit. ; p. 160. Ibid.

Satyagraha in Hyderabad”; Hindustan Times, Delhi, 10 June 1939; quoted in Source Material for a History of Freedom Movement, Vol. XII, Bombay 1995; pp. 408 -411

Nizam Government’s Report to Government of India, May 1939 [Home Poll (1) File No. 42/3/39], published in Source Material for a History of Freedom Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement – October 1930 –December 1941; Volume XII; Published by Gazetteers DepartmentCultural Affairs Department, Government of Maharashtra, 1995; p. 397

Prem Chandra Shastri – Veer Sawarkar, (in Hindi) (New Delhi –1983); p. 96

Political and Military Department – File 1939; pg 101; Vidarbha Archives, Nagpur

Shri V. Hriday – Veer Sawarkar, (in Hindi); (New Delhi- 1984): p. 96. S.C. File No. 127of 1939, pp. 71-76

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Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the Second Half of October 1938 K. Mojumdar – op. cit.; p. 160

Nizam Government’s Report – op. cit. P. 396-7 Ibid, p.397

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the First Half of January 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/1/39 Yr. 1939

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the Second Half of January 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/1/39 Yr. 1939

K. Mojumdar – op. cit.; p. 160

LP V Reel no. 2200, Twynum to Linlithgow, 12-14 July 1943 quoted in K. Mojumdar – op. cit.; p. 161

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the Second Half of March 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/3/39 Yr. 1939

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the First Half of April 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/4/39 Yr. 1939

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the Second Half of April 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/4/39 Yr. 1939

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the First Half of May 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/5/39 Yr. 1939

Fortnightly Report for the Central Provinces and Berar for the Second Half of May 1939; NAI HPD F. No. 18/5/39 Yr. 1939